The colon is part of the digestive system. First, ingested food passes through the esophagus (the tube that carries food to the stomach).

Once it arrive in the stomach food is processed mechanically or by using stomach acids that softens the food. As well as processed food from the stomach passes into the small intestine, where is edited and partly absorbed.

Color Cancer

Color Cancer

Processed food eventually reaches the colon where water is drained and other nutrients, and what remains is actually excrement. This waste is stored at the end of the colon before to be thrown out.This body organ has blood to.

Arteries purified blood to him, and veins return the blood to the heart. Lymph also plays a huge role, it helps to drain the fluid that exits and enters the blood stream.

Lymph nodes help to fight infections that occur in the colon as well as tumor cells that develop, in order not to spread around the body.The whole body is composed of many small cells.

Normal healthy cells grow and have their own life expectancy and it all happens through a controlled manner by the body. Sometimes cells instead of dying, they continue to grow uncontrollably and shared causing an abnormal growth called a tumor.

If the tumor does not spread to surrounding tissue is called a benign tumor or cancerous tumor.Colon cancer generated by growth of cells is called polyps.

Cells of these polyps may continue to grow uncontrollably. If is not diagnosed in time they can become cancerous. But if you find the time they are removed thus avoiding further growth and cancer.

Colon cancer is the second most common type of cancer that affects people of NSW with about 6,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Although usually affects people over 50 years, colon cancer can occur at any age.

Risk Factors

If the cancer is detected in a timely manner it can be cured.. Here are some risk factors that you must be aware:

  • Overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Alcohol
  • Polyps
  • Genes
  • Diet

Signs and Symptoms

The best and most effective way to treat this disease is its early detection, the early before cause any symptoms. The most common symptoms of this disease include:

  • Having diarrhea or constipation
  • Feeling of incomplete emptiness
  • The presence of blood in stool
  • Slimmer droppings
  • Frequent occurrence of flatulence and bloating
  • Weight loss with no apparent cause
  • Tiredness, nausea and vomiting
  • Jaundice

Often these symptoms are not associated with the colon cancer, but if you notice more than three of these symptoms you should immediately visit a doctor to examine and to intervene as quickly as possible if it’s necessary.

How often should be made surveys of the colon depends on several factors such as age, family medical history, and personal history of the disease.

In patients who already have some bowel or there is a family history of this type of disease, examination of the colon should be done more frequently.