The avocado trees are plants that are only for the warm season and they can get easily damaged by cold or frost. This is why you must learn how to properly grow an avocado tree and enjoy this lovely fruit in your home, especially if you are a northern gardener.
First and foremost, what you need to do is extract the seed. Remove the pit from the avocado with extreme care, and try not so cut it.
Afterwards, wash it clean from all the avocado fruit. In this case, it often helps to soak the pit in water and then scrub off all of the remaining fruit. Just be careful not to remove the brown skin of the pit because that is the cover of the seed.
The next thing you have to do is pierce the seed. Some avocado pits are abnormally large, but some of them are shaped perfectly – either way, they all have a bottom (this is where the roots will grow from), and the top (from here the sprouts will grow).
You will see it for yourself, the pointier end is the top, and in order to make your pit sprout, place the bottom of the pit in water, but it is very important to distinguish the top from the bottom so that you can know where to pierce it with toothpicks.
The next step is to soak the seed in water. Rest the bottom half of the avocado seed in water, and before you do that, make sure your toothpicks are in there firmly.
Stick them in at a slightly downward angle so that the water covers most part of the avocado bottom when you place it over the glass.
You are going to leave the seed like that for a period of time of about three to six weeks. During this time, the seed will sprout.
The pit will start splitting and a stem sprout will emerge from the top and the roots will spread from the bottom. Take a careful look at the stem, because when it comes to five or six inches long and pinch out its first leaves, it means that it is almost ready to be planted.
In the next two or three weeks you will notice more roots and new leaves. Once the sprout comes to about seven inches, trim it in half so that you can encourage new growth.
The final step is you preparing to plant the seed. Take a large flowerpot, about eight to ten inches in diameter, and place the enriched potting soil inside, fill the entire pot to about an inch from the top of it.
Make a small hole in the center and place the pit in it, then water the soil enough to cover the pit. Every time make sure you water it generously so that the soil would be thoroughly moist.