Until 19th century, anesthesia wasn’t used in the medicine in a way like today, so, patients were suffering extreme pain during surgeries. In those days, there were persons that have being paid to calm down the patients during the surgery procedures.

People were trying to lower the pain and the physical suffering during medical interventions from the beginning.3000 year B.C. in Mesopotamia, patients were ‘’ desensitized’’ by putting a pressure on the carotid artery until they passed out.

Anesthesia

Anesthesia

Ancient Egyptians were using the first snow to cool down the body, and in this state of hypertension they were providing analgesia. East- Chinese culture has developed the acupuncture as a different type of anesthesia.

Shock and sepsis, in most cases were the main reasons for death during surgery.Ancient Romans and Greeks were operating their patients only when surgery was necessary.

These surgeries were extremely painful and in most cases extremely sick people and pregnant women were dying. In this cultures were used cruel and painful methods for ‘’anesthesia’’ such as choking, fainting with sock etc.

With this they were provoking deep dream or death to the patient. They were also bonding patient’s legs and arms when they were doing amputations and other heavy surgeries.

In old Roman and Greek books, Theophrastus, Pedanius Dioscorides, Pliny the elder Aula Cornelius Celzus and Hypocrite, were mentioning that alcohol, opium, hashish and marijuana were used as an anesthesia. In the United States, cocaine was used as an important anesthetic in lobotomy.

Combination of different drugs and alcohol were also used. In the Middle Age, patients were ‘’passed out’’ by putting a sponge under their noses.

Those sponges were soaked in opium or mandrake. Patients were forced to smell those sponges until they passed out.

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There were no real anesthetics until the 19th century, when real researches about this were conducted, all thanks to chemistry and physiology.